About Montessori Education
The basic idea in the Montessori approach is characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development.
Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori. Dr. Montessori developed the "prepared environment" which possesses a certain order and disposes the child to develop at his own speed, according to his own capacities in a noncompetitive atmosphere. The Montessori teacher is able to teach a child individually, thus fostering within him competence as an independent learner. The structure of Montessori learning involves the use of many materials with which the child may work individually. At every step of his learning, the teaching material is designed to test his understanding and correct his errors. Programmed learning and teaching machines are now utilizing this principle.
Dr. Montessori has recognized that the only valid impulse to learning is the selfmotivation of the child. Children move themselves toward learning. The teacher prepares the environment, directs the activity functions as the leader, offers the child stimulation, but it is the child who learns , who is motivated through the work itself to persist in his given activity. Patterns of concentration, stick-to-itness, and thoroughness established in early childhood, produce a confident, competent learner in later years. Schools have existed historically to teach children to observe, to think to judge. Montessori introduced children to the joy of learning at an early age and provides a framework in which the intellectual and social discipline go hand in hand.
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